PNG Power Ltd (PPL) is a fully integrated power authority responsible for Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Retailing of Electricity throughout Papua New Guinea and servicing individual electricity consumers. PPL services customers in almost all urban centres throughout the country encompassing industrial, commercial, government and domestic sectors. Where possible, the services extend to rural communities adjacent to these urban centres.
PPL is also undertaking a regulatory role on behalf of the Independent Consumer and Competition Commission (ICCC). These responsibilities include approving licenses for electrical contractors, providing certification for models of electrical equipment and appliances to be sold in the country and providing safety advisory services and checks for major installations.
PNG Power Limited (Company No 1-44680) was corporatised under Section 3 (1) of the Electricity Commission (Privatisation) Act 2002 as the successor company to the Papua New Guinea Electricity Commission (ELCOM). All of ELCOM’s assets, liabilities, rights, titles and personnel were transferred to PPL.
Table of Contents
- 1 Company Profile
- 2 Regulatory Functions
- 3 Corporate Objective & Strategies
- 4 Electricity Supply
- 5 Supply and Demand
- 6 Operational Systems
Company Ownership and Reporting
PPL is a State Owned Entity (SOE). The Independent Public Business Corporation (IPBC) holds the shares for corporatised state entities as trustee of the General Business trust. The IPBC acts as the sole shareholder on behalf of the Government. The Minister for State Enterprises appoints a Board who report to IPBC. PPL, through the Board provides regular financial and operational reports and a Five-year Business Plan to IPBC on an annual basis.
PNG Power Ltd Board
The PPL Board consists of 8 Directors appointed through IPBC. The Directors come from a diverse professional background whose task is to make policy decisions for the operations of PNG Power.
PNG Power Ltd Constitution
PPL was established under the Electricity Commission (Privatisation) Act of 2000 to be the successor company taking over all assets, liabilities and personnel of ELCOM. PPL is also governed by another Act of Parliament, the Electricity (Amendment) Act which established a regulatory regime for the Electricity Industry. PPL as a corporatised entity, operates in accordance with the Companies Act 1997. The Constitution of PPL has been established in compliance with this Act. The Constitution establishes the functions and responsibilities of the Board to the shareholders and the general administrative and reporting requirements.
PPL’s total number of customers is about 116, 242 including 85, 611 customers on Easipay.
PNG Power employs around 2050 employees. These staff operate under thirteen business units:
- Asset Development
- Project Coordination
- System Operations
- Performance Engineering
- Operating & Maintenance
- Inventory Management
- Strategic Planning & Business Development
- General Counsel
- Human Resource Management
- Rural Services
- Corporate Services
- Debt Management
The operations of PPL is governed by the Regulatory Contract signed between the ICCC and PPL in August 2002. ICCC is responsible for regulating competition, controlling prices and protecting consumers for a number of industries in PNG. As such, it is the regulating authority for the electricity industry.
The Regulatory Contract establishes a long-term formula for fixing tariffs, which takes into account the CPI, exchange rates, fuel prices and the capital expenditure program among other factors.
Under the Regulatory Contract, PPL is required to meet specified Minimum Reliability Standards for different defined service zones. The implication of the Minimum Reliability Standards is that various capital investments are required to meet the Standards.
Also under the Regulatory Contract, the ICCC has issued an Electricity Code which elaborates on the Customer Services to be provided by PPL and specifies the detailed requirements and standards for these service.
ICCC has also issued a series of operating licenses for PPL to operate under. They include:
- Generation License
- Transmission License
- Distribution License
- Retail License
Corporate Objective & Strategies
To enhance the economic and social development of Papua New Guinea through leading the development and expansion of electricity supply throughout the nation. This will be achieved through aligning, coordinating and utilising the resources of PNG Power, Government and the private sector.
PNG Power will be the primary provider of electricity to Papua New Guinea.
- PNG Power has extensive electricity infrastructure across the nation that can be extended or expanded to develop and improve electricity supply to Papua New Guinea.
- PNG Power will establish strategic alliances with the private sector to deliver improved and expanded electricity supply to Papua New Guinea.
- PNG Power will align its economic development plans and activities with Government development strategies and policies.
- PNG Power will expand its program to provide electricity supply to rural areas through the development and implementation of a five year Rural Electrification Plan.
- PNG Power recognises that the potential to provide low cost hydro electricity generation is a competitive advantage to the nation and will actively promote hydro power to the developers and operators of resource and industrial projects including possible expansion of downstream processing.
- PNG Power will actively participate in and contribute to Government policy development and planning activities in areas such as economic development, energy and electricity policy and Rural Electrification.
- In conjunction with Government and its agencies, PNG Power will promote the competitive advantages of hydro power to global investors.
- PNG Power will establish relationships and strategic alliances with international providers of donor and concessional funding.
- PNG Power will engage with other State owned enterprises, industry and community groups and other stakeholders to get input and feedback and to outline its electricity expansion and development programs.
PNG Power is responsible for the operation of 30 electricity systems at various centres throughout the country. Three of these systems are hydro based with generation capacity in excess of 10 Megawatts (MW). The other smaller systems are run by thermal or diesel generation.
PNG Power’s main source of generation is hydro, which accounts for 70% of the total electricity generation. Generation by light fuel oil is 14% and an Independent Power Producer (IPP) with 16%. Current annual generation is over 800Gwh. Demand for electricity has grown by an average of 2.2% over the last ten years and this trend is expected to continue in the medium term.
PNG Power has an installed generation capacity of over 300MW. Of this, hydro power stations account for 70% and thermal account for 30% of the total capacity. The transmission voltages are 132kV, 66kV and 33kV, while the distribution voltages are 11kV and 22 kV. The standard consumption voltages are 415 Volts and 240 Volts at 50 Hz.
Supply and Demand
The demand for electricity in Papua New Guinea is constantly increasing and PNG Power has established a Ten Year Plan to cater for this demand.
PPL recognises the need to meet the community expectations for reliable power supply. The improved financial performance enables PPL to make the necessary investments to improve supply to existing customers and to build the infrastructure necessary to meet future demand as the PNG Economy realises rapid growth.
PNG Power forecasts that in 2012, electricity production would be 1,104,255 MWh and would rise to 1,598,632MWh. Sales forecasts are for 2012 is 884 681MWh and 2022 is 1,279,221MWh. Sales growth in 2022 is predicted to be at 36,857MWh compared to 2012 which is 83,857MWh.
The final peak demand in production for 2012 is forecasted at 210MW and looks set to rise in the 2022 forecast up to 305MW. The generation capacity of PNG Power is expected to increase in the coming years as the company wants to improve service delivery to its customers.
The Easipay System
A part of PNG Power’s plan as a business entity is to introduce the Easipay system throughout the country so that consumers pay for the amount of electricity they use.
The rest of the consumers throughout the country who are on the credit meter system will have their credit meters replaced with the Easipay meters.
Easipay is a user-pay system where customers who buy power (kWh) receive a computer generated sixteen or 20 digit number, representing the information about the customer meter and the amount of power (kWh) purchased. The customer enters the digits on the meter, which has a keypad similar to the telephone keypad. If the numbers are entered correctly, the amount of electricity in kWh is registered on the meter.
A lighting system similar to the traffic light system will show green for sufficient power, amber for a week’s supply and red for three days supply. When the light is red, the customer buys another lot of units and if not, the meter switches off. With this system, the customer does not owe PNG Power any debt and PNG Power does not disconnect the customer.
Future Renewable Energy sources
A major emphasis has been put on the development of hydro power potentials in a number of provinces. Development of hydro power is important as this would replace thermal generation and thus reduce imported fossil fuel. Investigations of hydro power potentials in other areas of PNG is continuing.
Other indigenous sources of energy including oil and gas, solar, wind and bio-energy from sugar cane and oil palm waste will also be investigated to help reduce imported fossil fuels.
Independent Power Producers
The participation of private enterprise in the supply of electricity will also be assessed and if found to be beneficial would be implemented. Currently PNG Power purchases power from the Hanjung Power Ltd, which supplies 24MW of electricity from its power station at Kanudi to supplement the supply from PNG Power’s stations at Rouna and Moitaka for the National Capital District’s load demand.
About 90 percent of the population of Papua New Guinea live in the rural areas and less than 4 percent of the rural population have access to electricity.
The current Rural Electrification projects are mainly funded by Members of the Parliament and mainly involves the extension from the existing distribution network. In 2008 the National Government injected another K65 million into an extensive Rural Electrification expansion program.
PNG Power will continue to supply electricity and support the government in carrying out more rural electrification projects through out the country to assist in the development of the country.
Port Moresby System
The Port Moresby system serves the National Capital District, the commercial, industrial and administrative centre of Papua New Guinea. The Port Moresby system also serves surrounding areas in the Central Province.
The main source of generation is the Rouna system consisting of four hydro stations on the Laloki River, controlled water storage in the Sirinumu Reservoir and a small generating set at the toe of Sirinumu dam. The total generation capacity from the Rouna Power Stations is 63MW.
PNG Power also operates a thermal power station at Moitaka, outside of Port Moresby which is used to supplement the supply from the Rouna Power Station and has a generation capacity of 30MW.
PNG Power also purchases electricity from a privately owned power station at Kanudi. The Kanudi Power Station completed in January, 1999 is owned and operated by an IPP, selling power exclusively to PNG Power. Kanudi adds another 24MW to the Port Moresby system generation capacity and is being utilised as base load. The load demand for the National Capital District is 96MW in 2011.
The Port Moresby hydro generation is transported by three 66kV lines and a 33kV feeder and the Moitaka thermal generation output is delivered to the system at Boroko via a single and a double circuit 66kV lines which also supplies the Waigani Substation. There is also a 66kV circuit line from Moitaka to Kanudi to improve the security of power supply.
The Ramu system serves the load centres of Lae, Madang and Gusap in the Momase Region and the Highlands centres of Wabag, Mendi, Mt Hagen, Kundiawa, Goroka, Kainantu and Yonki. The economy of the regions supplied by the Ramu system is based on mining, oil, gas, coffee, tea, timber and industrial productions.
The main source of generation is the Ramu Hydro Power Station with an installed capacity of 75MW, comprising of five units of 15MW each. This station which was previously a run-of-river scheme, became a storage scheme when the Yonki dam was commissioned in February, 1991. Additional hydro energy is supplied by Pauanda, a run-of-river station in the Western Highlands Province with 12MW.
Power is also purchased when required from the privately owned Baiune Hydro Power Station at Bulolo, Morobe Province and varies between 1-2MW depending on availability.
Transmission line outages, energy and peak demands are met by diesel plants at Madang, Lae, Mendi, Wabag, Kundiawa and Goroka. These plants serve as stand-by units.
Three radial lines originating from Ramu Hydro Power Station switch yard serve Lae, Madang and the Highlands centres. Currently Madang and the Highlands Region are supplied at 66kV and Lae at 132kV. The Highlands line interconnects with Pauanda hydro station and supplies the townships of Kainantu, Goroka, Kundiawa, Mt Hagen, Wabag and Mendi.
Gazelle Peninsula System
The Gazelle Peninsula system serves the townships of Rabaul, Kokopo and Keravat to service Gazelle’s economy based on copra, coconut oil, cocoa, timber and fishing.
The Gazelle Peninsula system is powered by a 10MW hydro power system at Warangoi, Ulagunan Diesel Power Station with 8.4MW, and 0.5MW from Kerevat Diesel Power Station.
A 66kV line linking Warangoi to the Rabaul, Kokopo and Kerevat zone substations delivers hydro power from Warangoi Power Station to these load centres.
The Kimbe system is supplied by the Ru Creek Mini hydro system and the Bialla system by the Lake Hargy mini hydro scheme, while the other centres are served by diesel generating stations. PNG Power continues to take over the supply of electricity to district centres as its Rural Electrification program expands to connect these centres.