Commonly Used Botanical Names in PNG

Staple Foods

Common nameScientific name
BananaMusa cvs
CassavaManihot esculenta
CoconutCocos nucifera
CordylineCordyline fruticosa
Corn (maize)Zea mays
Irish potatoSolanum tuberosum
KudzuPueraria lobata
Polynesian arrowrootTacca leontopetaloides
Queensland arrowrootCanna edulis
RiceOryza sativa
SagoMetroxylon sagu
Metroxylon salomonense
SorghumSorghum bicolor
Sugar caneSaccharum officinarum
Sweet potatoIpomoea batatas
TaroAmorphophallus paeoniifolius
Taro (taro tru)Colocasia esculenta
Taro, ChineseXanthosoma sagittifolium
Taro, giantAlocasia macrorrhizos
Taro, swampCyrtosperma chamissonis
WheatTriticum aestivum
YamDioscorea nummularia
Dioscorea pentaphylla
Yam, aerialDioscorea bulbifera
Yam, greaterDioscorea alata
Yam, lesserDioscorea esculenta
Yam, whiteDioscorea rotundata

Vegetables

Common nameScientific name
AibikaAbelmoschus manihot
AmaranthusAmaranthus blitum
Amaranthus caudatus
Amaranthus cruentus
Amaranthus dubius
Amaranthus tricolor
Bean, adzukiVigna angularis
Bean, broadVicia faba
Bean, climbing
Bean, common
Bean, dwarf
Phaseolus vulgaris
Bean, jackCanavalia ensiformis
Bean, lablabLablab purpureus
Bean, limaPhaseolus lunatus
Bean, mung (bean sprouts)Vigna radiata
Bean, riceVigna umbellata
Bean, snakeVigna unguiculata cv. group Sesquipedalis
Bean, wingedPsophocarpus tetragonolobus
BeetrootBeta vulgaris cv. group Garden Beet
BroccoliBrassica oleracea cv. group Broccoli
Brussels sproutBrassica oleracea cv. group Brussels Sprouts
Cabbage, ChineseBrassica rapa cv. group Chinese cabbage
Cabbage, headBrassica oleracea cv. group White Headed Cabbage
CapsicumCapsicum annuum
CarrotDaucus carota
CastorRicinus communis
CauliflowerBrassica oleracea cv. group Cauliflower
CeleryApium graveolens var. dulce
Ceylon spinachBasella alba
ChilliCapsicum frutescens
Choko (chayote)Sechium edule
Coral treeErythrina variegata
CowpeaVigna unguiculata cv. group Unguiculata
CucumberCucumis sativus cv. group Slicing Cucumber
CyanotisCyanotis moluccana
DiclipteraDicliptera papuana
EggplantSolanum melongena cv. group Common Eggplant
Ficus wassaFicus wassa
GarlicAllium sativum cv. group Common Garlic
GingerZingiber officinale
Gourd, bottleLagenaria siceraria
Gourd, waxBenincasa hispida cv. group Wax Gourd
Highland kapiakFicus dammaropsis
Job’s tearsCoix lacryma-jobi
KalavaOrmocarpum orientale
KangkongIpomoea aquatica
KarakapSolanum americanum
KohlrabiBrassica oleracea cv. group Kohlrabi
Kumu musongFicus copiosa
LeekAllium ampeloprasum cv. group Leek
Lemon grassCymbopogon citratus
LettuceLactuca sativa
MarrowCucurbita pepo
Oenanthe (water dropwort)Oenanthe javanica
OnionAllium cepa cv. group Common Onion
Pak choiBrassica rapa cv. group Pak Choi
ParsleyPetroselinum crispum
PeaPisum sativum
PeanutArachis hypogaea
Pigeon peaCajanus cajan
Pitpit, highlandSetaria palmifolia
Pitpit, lowlandSaccharum edule
PumpkinCucurbita moschata
Radish, redRaphanus sativus cv. group Small Radish
RhubarbRheum ×cultorum
RorippaRorippa schlechteri
RungiaRungia klossii
Russian comfreySymphytum asperrimum
ShallotAllium cepa cv. group Aggregatum
SilverbeetBeta vulgaris cv. group Spinach Beet
Soya beanGlycine max
SpinachSpinacia oleracea
Spring onionAllium cepa cv. group Aggregatum
TomatoLycopersicon esculentum
Trichosanthes pulleanaTrichosanthes pulleana
TulipGnetum gnemon
TurnipBrassica rapa cv. group Vegetable Turnip
ValangurPolyscias verticillata
Wandering JewCommelina diffusa
WatercressRorippa nasturtiumaquaticum
Yam beanPachyrhizus erosus
ZucchiniCucurbita pepo

Fruit

Common nameScientific name
AppleMalus spp.
AvocadoPersea americana
Brazil cherryEugenia uniflora
BukabukBurckella obovata
Bullock’s heartAnnona reticulata
Cape gooseberryPhysalis peruviana
Carambola (five corner)Averrhoa carambola
CherimoyaAnnona cherimolia
CumquatFortunella japonica
Custard apple (sweetsop)Annona squamosa
DurianDurio zibethinus
Egg treeGarcinia xanthochymus
ElderSambucus nigra
Golden appleSpondias cytherea
Governor’s plumFlacourtia indica
GranadillaPassiflora quadrangularis
GrapefruitCitrus paradisi
GuavaPsidium guajava
Guava, cherryPsidium cattleianum
JackfruitArtocarpus heterophyllus
LangsatLansium domesticum
LemonCitrus limon
LimeCitrus aurantifolia
LonganEuphoria longan
LoquatEriobotrya japonica
Malay appleSyzygium malaccense
Malay apple, giantSyzygium megacarpa
MandarinCitrus reticulata
MangoMangifera indica
Mango, traditionalMangifera minor
MangosteenGarcinia mangostana
Marita pandanusPandanus conoideus
MonDracontomelon dao
MulberryMorus nigra
NaranjillaSolanum quitoense
NectarinePrunus persica var. nectarina
OrangeCitrus sinensis
Pandanus, coastalPandanus tectorius
ParartocarpusParartocarpus venenosa
Passionfruit, bananaPassiflora mollissima
Passionfruit, lowland yellowPassiflora edulis f. flavicarpa
Passionfruit, purplePassiflora edulis f. edulis
Pawpaw (papaya)Carica papaya
PeachPrunus persica
PersimmonDiospyros kaki
PineappleAnanas comosus
Plum, JapanesePrunus spp.
PomegranatePunica granatum
PomeloCitrus maxima
PouteriaPouteria maclayana
PulasanNephelium mutabile
RambutanNephelium lappaceum
Raspberry, blackRubus lasiocarpus
Raspberry, redRubus moluccanus
Rubus rosifolius
Rockmelon (cantaloupe)Cucumis melo
RukamFlacourtia rukam
SantolSandoricum koetjape
SoursopAnnona muricata
Star appleChrysophyllum cainito
StrawberryFragaria spp.
Suga prut (highland yellow passionfruit)Passiflora ligularis
Tamarillo (tree tomato)Cyphomandra betacea
TamarindTamarindus indica
Ton (taun)Pometia pinnata
WatermelonCitrullus lanatus
Watery rose appleSyzygium aqueum

Nuts

Common nameScientific name
BreadfruitArtocarpus altilis
Candle nutAleurites moluccana
CashewAnacardium occidentale
CastanopsisCastanopsis acuminatissima
DausiaTerminalia megalocarpa
Elaeocarpus womersleyiElaeocarpus womersleyi
FinschiaFinschia chloroxantha
GalipCanarium decumanum
Canarium harveyiCanarium indicumCanarium lamii
Canarium salomonense
Karuka, plantedPandanus julianettii
Karuka, wildPandanus antaresensis
Pandanus brosimos
MacadamiaMacadamia integrifolia
Macadamia tetraphylla
OkariTerminalia impediens
Terminalia kaernbachii
Omphalea gageanaOmphalea gageana
PaoBarringtonia edulis
Barringtonia novae-hiberniae
Barringtonia procera
PecanCarya illinoensis
Polynesian chestnut (aila)Inocarpus fagifer
Sea almond (talis)Terminalia catappa
Sis (solomon)Pangium edule
TulipGnetum gnemon

Stimulants

Common nameScientific name
Betel nut (buai)Areca catechu
Betel nut, highlandAreca macrocalyx
Betel pepper, highlandPiper gibbilimbum
Betel pepper, lowlandPiper betle
KavaPiper methysticum
MarijuanaCannabis sativa
TobaccoNicotiana tabacum

Cash Crops

Common nameScientific name
Annatto (bixa)Bixa orellana
BalsaOchroma lagopus
Black pepperPiper nigrum
CardamomElettaria cardamomum
ChilliCapsicum frutescens
CinnamonCinnamomum verum
Citronella grassCymbopogon nardus
CocoaTheobroma cacao
Coffee, ArabicaCoffea arabica
Coffee, RobustaCoffea canephora var. robusta
CoconutCocos nucifera
GingerZingiber officinale
Japanese mintMentha arvensis
JatrophaJatropha curcas
KapokCeiba pentandra
Lemon grassCymbopogon citratus
NutmegMyristica argentea
Myristica fragrans
Oil palmElaeis guineensis
PatchouliPogostemon cablin
PyrethrumChrysanthemum cinerariaefolium
Rubber, assamFicus elastica
Rubber, paraHevea brasiliensis
TeaCamellia sinensis
TurmericCurcuma domestica
VanillaVanilla planifolia
Vanilla tahitensis

Forest Products

Common nameScientific name
AcaciaAcacia crassicarpa
Acacia mangium
BurckellaBurckella spp.
Cajuput oilAsteromyrtus symphyocarpa
CalophyllumCalophyllum spp.
Casuarina (yar)Casuarina oligodon
Chinese water chestnutEleocharis dulcis
Copal gumAgathis spp.
CordylineCordyline fruticosa
DammarVatica papuana
DilleniaDillenia spp.
EaglewoodGyrinops ledermannii
Eucalyptus (kamarere)Eucalyptus deglupta
EucalyptusEucalyptus pellita
HibiscusHibiscus tiliaceus
Hoop pineAraucaria cunninghamii
Ivory nutMetroxylon amicarum
KamarereEucalyptus deglupta
Klinki pineAraucaria hunsteinii
KwilaIntsia bijuga
MalasHomalium spp.
MassoiCryptocarya massoy
MersawaAnisoptera spp.
New Guinea walnut (mon)Dracontomelon dao
NoniMorinda citrifolia
Perennial cane grassCoix gigantea
PinusPinus spp.
PlanchonellaPouteria spp.
Red canarium (galip)Canarium indicum
Red cedarToona ciliata
RosewoodPterocarpus indicus
RubberHevea brasiliensis
SandalwoodSantalum macgregorii
SisalAgave sisalana
TeakTectona grandis
TerminaliaTerminalia spp.
Tigaso oilBuchanania spp.
Campnosperma brevipetiolata
Ton (taun)Pometia pinnata